Penn Foster 406290


1. Looking at the internal and external influences causing criminal behavior is called

A. patterning.
B. social goal study.
C. social gaining.
D. positivism.

2. Which one of the following choices is not a problem with the hierarchical model of organized crime?
A. The organization keeps evolving.
B. Information from the people reporting on the size and structure of the Cosa Nostra differs.
C. Information about the “family” playing a role in directing members’ lives is suspect.
D. There’s no concrete evidence a gangland war took place during the 1930s.

3. A person who makes a conscious choice to join an organized crime group because of the pleasure it would bring him or her would be a case study for the _______ perspective on organized crime.
A. classicist
B. positivist
C. ethical
D. structural

4. Organized crime violence declined during
A. World War I.
B. World War II.
C. the Great Depression.
D. the Vietnam War.

5. A person who has a _______ perspective of crime would argue that the American capitalist ideology encourages people to disregard the rights of others who stand in their way of accumulating wealth.
A. classicist
B. structural
C. ethical
D. positivist

6. Scholarly research into the nature of organized crime during the 1970s was not conducted by
A. Salvatore Gravano.
B. Francis Ianni.
C. Elizabeth Reuss-Ianni.
D. Joseph Albini.

7. The realization that organized crime operates as a business is part of the _______ model of organized crime.
A. classicist
B. ethnic
C. enterprise
D. hierarchical

8. According to Gravano, the organized crime members ranked below those in the administration are called
A. consiglieres.
B. underbosses.
C. captains.
D. majors.

9. According to the _______ perspective, crime is less related to individual behavior and more related to how acts come to be defined as being criminal.
A. classicist
B. ethical
C. positivist
D. structural

10. The term Mafia was coined by a U.S. senator in
A. 1960.
B. 1950.
C. 1929.
D. 1947.

11. Which one of the following statements is true of the ethnic model of organized crime?
A. It’s tied together by only hierarchal structure.
B. Individuals don’t control their own activities.
C. Cultural and ethnic ties don’t bind the group.
D. There’s no national crime syndicate.

12. The hedonistic tendency to engage in crime is embraced by the _______ perspective.
A. ethical
B. positivist
C. classicist
D. structural

13. The hierarchical, government-like structure depicted in Estes Kefauver’s model of organized crime was established in
A. 1947.
B. 1929.
C. 1960.
D. 1950.

14. Which gangster ran rackets in Chicago until his death in 1920?
A. Big Jim Colosimo
B. John Torrio
C. John Landesco
D. Al Capone

15. American interest in the Mafia can be traced to a murder that occurred in
A. 1890.
B. 1900.
C. 1922.
D. 1870.

16. The hierarchical model of organized crime was shared with the public in 1963 by _______, the first “insider” of organized crime.
A. Estes Kefauver
B. Joseph Valachi
C. John McClellan
D. Lucky Luciano

17. Organized crime is distinguished from most other forms of crime because it usually is
A. a career pattern.
B. more lucrative.
C. more violent.
D. spontaneous.

18. The ability to control crime through the fear of apprehension is a theory associated with the _______ perspective.
A. structural
B. classicist
C. ethical
D. positivist

19. The term Cosa Nostra was first made public in the early 1960s when _______ testified in public hearings on organized crime.
A. Joseph Valachi
B. Joseph Bonnano
C. Lucky Luciano
D. Salvatore Gravano

20. The power struggle among Italian-American gangs that took place during the early 1930s was called the
A. Apalachin episode.
B. Castellammarese War.
C. Kefauver battle.
D. Bonnono conspiracy