Multiple Choice Answers

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Question 1
It is sufficient to prepare one test case for each scenario.
TRUE
False

Question 2
End users interact with the system infrequently and usually for short periods.
TRUE
False

Question 3
An operational system requires a fully populated database to support ongoing processing.
True
FALSE

Question 4
A(n) ____ test determines whether a method, class, subsystem, or system meets user requirements.
usability
unit
integration
system

Question 5
Within an OO subsystem or class, method dependency can be examined in terms of ____.
inheritance
aggregation
navigation visibility
messages

Question 6
A(n) component is a formal description of a starting state, one or more events to which the software must respond, and the expected response or ending state.
TRUE
False

Question 7
A(n) beta version is a system update that provides bug fixes and small changes to existing features.
TRUE
FALSE

Question 8
____ testing can catch defects of all types.
Unit
Integration
Usability
User acceptance

Question 9
Bottom-up development requires writing a large number of driver methods.
TRUE
FALSE

Question 10
In a large system development project, a separate ____ group is responsible for all aspects of testing except unit testing and acceptance testing.
quality assurance
user acceptance
development
test analysis

Question 11
Software components are built, acquired, and integrated in the ____ discipline.
design
implementation
testing
deployment

Question 12
Because of their more open communication, cooperating peer teams are especially suited to tackling tasks that require generating and evaluating a large number of ideas.
TRUE
FALSE

Question 13
Programmers are generally responsible for unit testing their own code prior to integrating it with other modules.
TRUE
FALSE

Question 14
SOAP and J2EE use employ Web-oriented protocols such as ____ to encode messages and responses and transport the messages with ordinary Internet protocols.
SDLC
Ethernet
XML
TCP

Question 15
The frame’s _____ method is invoked when the frame “hears” that an event has occurred.
click()
selectItem()
dropDown()
actionListener()

Question 16
In the object-oriented approach to dialog documentation, the first step is to _____.
determine what window or Web forms are required
expand the sequence diagram to show the user interacting with forms
model user interface classes with class diagrams
None of the above

Question 17
Cascading style sheets help designers control the _____ of Web forms.
visibility
consistency
usability
interaction

Question 18
_____ diagrams identify the system boundary and the actors.
Storyboard
Use case
Statechart
Class

Question 19
_____ first emphasized the benefits of consistency in the 1980s.
Microsoft Windows
Apple Macintosh
Xerox PARC
IBM mainframes

Question 20
A _____ box is a variation of the list box that permits the user to enter a new value or select from the entries.
spin
combo
text
check

Question 21
_____ is a key principle of HCI that states that the appearance of any control should suggest its functionality.
Ergonomics
Visibility
Usability
Affordance

Question 22
Which of the following fields contribute to the study of HCI?
anthropology
engineering
graphic art
All of the above

Question 23
The _____ Corporation has made important contributions to the development of the field of HCI starting in the 1970s.
Xerox
IBM
Microsoft
Hewlett Packard

Question 24
A(n) _____ is what the user knows about using the system, including the problem domain “things” the user is manipulating, the operations that can be performed, and the procedures followed when carrying out tasks.
system interface
user-centered design
interface design
user’s model

Question 25
The first pure object-oriented programming language called _____ was created by Alan Kay and associates to facilitate the development of interactive user interfaces.
Visual Basic
Java
SmallTalk
C++

Question 26
Designers should provide _____ facilities for users to create their own shortcuts.
browser
modeling
macro
interface
Question 27
_____ documents allow the user to click on a link and jump to a different part of the document or another document entirely.
Hypertext
Dialog
Interface
Browser

Question 28
In a _____ metaphor, interaction with the computer involves browsing and entering data on electronic documents.
dialog
browser
desktop
document

Question 29
A ____ defines the storage format and allowable content of a program variable.
data type
schema
key
class

Question 30
What is the first step in creating an object database schema from a class diagram?
Represent the classes.
Represent the associations among classes.
Determine which classes require persistent storage.
Choose data type and value restrictions for each field.

Question 31
When creating a relational database schema from a class diagram, what is the next step after creating tables for each class?
Represent classification hierarchies.
Select a primary key for each table.
Add foreign keys to represent one-to-many associations.
Create new tables to represent many-to-many associations.

Question 32
____ is a relational database table structure that has no repeating attributes or groups of attributes.
First normal form
Second normal form
Third normal form
Fourth normal form

Question 33
____ is an example of an ODBMS.
Oracle
Microsoft Access
Gemstone
DB2

Question 34
In Oracle, the ____ data type can be used to store large binary data values, including encoded pictures, sound, and video.
ROWID
NUMBER
LONG
LONGRAW

Question 35
When creating a relational database schema from a class diagram, create new ____ to represent many-to-many associations.
columns
rows
attributes
tables

Question 36
A single cell in a table is called a(n) ____.
record
relation
attribute value
field

Question 37
Declaring an association as a(n) ____ allows the ODBMS to allocate as many object identifier attributes of one object type to each object of the other type as are needed to represent association instances.
primary key
attribute
complex type
set

Question 38
The ____ database server architecture is commonly used to access data stored in databases with incompatible storage models or DBMSs.
single
partitioned
replicated
federated

Question 39
Disadvantages of the ____ database server architecture include susceptibility to server failure and possible overload of the network or server.
single
partitioned
replicated
federated

Question 40
A single row of a table is also called a(n) ____.
record
relation
attribute value
field

Question 41
In ODL class definitions, generalization associations are indicated with the keyword ____.
relationship
inverse
extends
matches

Question 42
____ is a standard language that describes the structure and content of an object database.
JDO
ODL
ODMG
ODBMS

Question 43
____ is a technique whereby all updates to a database are recorded with the information on who performed the update, when, and how.
Drill down
Data validation
Authentication
Transaction logging

Question 44
One of the most pervasive sources of erroneous data is ____.
electronic pens
bar-code readers
human keystroking
touch screens

Question 45
____ reports contain summary information from various information sources and is normally used for strategic decisions.
Detailed
Summary
Executive
Exception

Question 46
____ reports contain specific information on day-to-day business transactions.
Detailed
Summary
Executive
Exception

Question 47
____ encryption uses a public key for encryption and a private key for decryption.
Private key
Digital key
Symmetric key
Public key

Question 48
The principle behind the use of a(n) ____ is that the individual becomes the password or gateway into a secure system.
biometric device
security control
smart card
encryption key

Question 49
Integrity controls are typically added during the ____ phase iterations.
inception
elaboration
construction
acceptance

Question 50
____ reports are produced only when a normal range of values is exceeded.
Detailed
Summary
Executive
Exception

Question 51
____ are used to identify incoming messages to the system.
Activity diagrams
Statecharts
System sequence diagrams
Design class diagrams

Question 52
A(n) ____ report includes both detailed and summary information.
turnaround
control break
executive
ad hoc

Question 53
____ and many Web-based systems are integrated with other systems through direct messaging.
HCI
EDI
HTML
DTD

Question 54
____ is the process of determining whether a user is permitted to have access to the system and data.
Authentication
Certification
Authorization
Encryption

Question 55
If a system produces online transactions, then it must ensure that each transaction includes the ____ identifying the correct destination.
digital signature
routing codes
access control
encryption key

Question 56
An ad hoc report is the result of a(n) ____.
concern raised by the programming team
new user query to a database
request based on analyst requirements
error detected by the system

Question 57
The ____ diagrams use each other as inputs for design and are developed at the same time.
design class and design statechart
design class and package
design class and interaction
interaction and package

Question 58
A(n) ____ diagram is useful to denote which classes work together as a subsystem.
package
design class
interaction
design statechart

Question 59
The full symbol notation for stereotypes uses ____.
circular symbols
rectangles
ovals
rounded rectangles

Question 60
____ are classes that system designers create to serve as a collection point for incoming messages.
Persistent classes
Use case controllers
Control classes
Links

Question 61
A(n) ____ class is a design identifier for a problem domain class.
control
boundary
entity
data access

Question 62
An abbreviated form of communication diagram can use ____ to show the various layers in a design.
icons
artifacts
encapsulation
vertical lines

Question 63
In OO design, which of the following steps follows the development of interaction diagrams?
Develop attribute names in the design class diagram.
Partition the design class diagram into related functions using package diagrams.
Develop method names in the design class diagram.
Develop a statechart diagram.

Question 64
Communication diagrams are useful for showing a view of the use case that emphasizes ____.
cohesion
visibility
object responsibility
coupling

Question 65
____ is the creation of an object based on the template provided by the class definition.
Encapsulation
Instantiation
Activation
Persistence

Question 66
The ____ class acts as a switchboard between the view layer and the domain layer.
control
boundary
entity
data access

Question 67
The third compartment of a design class diagram contains the ____.
parent class
attribute list
stereotype name
method signature information

Question 68
____ is a design principle in which analysts divide a class into several highly cohesive classes.
Information hiding
Separation of responsibilities
Navigation visibility
Object responsibility

Question 69
Dividing objects into groups that work together to carry out each use case is called ____ design.
dependency
use case
separation
multilayer

Question 70
In a communication diagram, the connecting lines between the objects or between actors and objects represent ____.
cohesion
lifelines
visibility
links

Question 71
____ is a design principle of objects in which both data and program logic are included within a single self-contained unit.
Instantiation
Object reuse
Visibility
Encapsulation

Question 72
Design patterns became a widely accepted object-oriented design technique in ____ with the publication of the book Elements of Reusable Object-Oriented Software.
1978
1982
1996
2001

Question 73
The ____ was the original way to process input data from the server.
PHP
JSP
CGI
API

Question 74
____ is the extension for PHP Hypertext Preprocessor.
CFM
JSP
HTP
PHP

Question 75
A ____ diagram is a type of implementation diagram that shows the physical components across different locations.
location
system sequence
component
deployment

Question 76
For every Web form in a Web-based .NET environment, there is a(n) ____ class written in Visual Basic, C#, J#, or some similar language.
servlet
code behind
applet
active server page

Question 77
A(n) ____ on a statechart can be used to help define the logic within a given method.
action-expression
source object
state
message

Question 78
A ____ server applies the principle of indirection by appearing as a fake server, which catches all incoming messages and redistributes them to the recipients.
communications
client
network
proxy

Question 79
In a logon statechart, what transition typically happens after a logon is rejected?
The exit transaction moves to a system shutdown.
The system displays the logon window again with an appropriate error message.
The menu is activated with an error message.
The exit transition moves to the unlocked state.

Question 80
In a three-layer Java-based architecture, the Java servlet identified for the input form can be the ____ that distributes input messages.
application server processor
use case controller
code behind object
compiler

Question 81
In an Internet-based system, ____ help simulate network-based capability.
framesets
scripting languages and applets
application program interfaces
browsers

Question 82
____ patterns provide solutions to problems related to the way internal system processes execute.
Class-level
Structural
Creational
Behavioral

Question 83
____ is a principle of design whereby parts of a system that are unlikely to change are segregated from those that will.
Object responsibility
Indirection
Encapsulation
Protection from variations

Question 84
A(n) ____ causes a transition trigger to fire.
source object
action-expression
state
message

Question 85
When implementing an adapter pattern, using a(n) ____ class is useful to specify and enforce the use of the correct method names.
proxy
interface
access
state

Question 86
The iterator pattern is a ____ pattern.
class-level
structural
creational
behavioral

Question 87
Which of the following is an XP practice?
occasional big releases
long working hours
continual involvement of users
early detailed planning

Question 88
The ____ is a standard for software component connection and interaction developed by the OMG.
COM+
EJB
.NET
CORBA

Question 89
A Scrum sprint is a firm ____ time box, with a specific goal or deliverable.
7 day
14 day
30 day
60 day

Question 90
In Agile Development, contracts include options for the customer to cancel if the project is not progressing, as measured by the incremental deliverables.
TRUE
FALSE

Question 91
Components implemented with non-OO technologies do not need to exhibit objectlike behavior.
TRUE

FALSE
Question 92
Empirical controls define the steps to monitor a process in great detail.
TRUE
FALSE

Question 93
Developing code quickly requires the user to be completely involved with the project team.
TRUE
FALSE

Question 94
In XP, release-level activities occur once during each development project.
TRUE
FALSE

Question 95
In Agile Modeling, change is seen as the exception, not the norm.
TRUE
FALSE

Question 96
A(n) PIM is a model describing system characteristics that include deployment platform requirements.
TRUE
FALSE

Question 97
Of the three object layers typically used in OO system development, ____ layers most commonly derive from foundation classes.
the view and data access
the business logic and data access
the business logic and view
all three

Question 98
Which of the following methodologies use an adaptive approach to systems development?
Agile Development
Extreme Programming
Scrum
All of the above

Question 99
Continuous integration highlights errors rapidly and keeps the project moving ahead.
TRUE
FALSE

Question 100
In the adaptive approach, developers create the project schedule as the project progresses.
TRUE
FALSE

Mary Solution

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Mary has been working for a university for almost 25 years and is now approaching retirement. She wants to address several financial issues before her retirement and has asked you to help her resolve the situations below. Her assignment to you is to provide a 4-5 page report, addressing each of the following issues separately. You are to show all your calculations and provide a detailed explanation for each issue. Issue A: For the last 19 years, Mary has been depositing $500 in her savings account , which has earned 5% per year, compounded annually and is expected to continue paying that amount. Mary will make one more $500 deposit one year from today. If Mary closes the account right after she makes the last deposit, how much will this account be worth at that time? Issue B: Mary has been working at the university for 25 years, with an excellent record of service. As a result, the board wants to reward her with a bonus to her retirement package. They are offering her $75,000 a year for 20 years, starting one year from her retirement date and each year for 19 years after that date. Mary would prefer a one-time payment the day after she retires. What would this amount be if the appropriate interest rate is 7%? Issue C: Mary’s replacement is unexpectedly hired away by another school, and Mary is asked to stay in her position for another three years. The board assumes the bonus should stay the same, but Mary knows the present value of her bonus will change. What would be the present value of her deferred annuity? Issue D: Mary wants to help pay for her granddaughter Beth’s education. She has decided to pay for half of the tuition costs at State University, which are now $11,000 per year. Tuition is expected to increase at a rate of 7% per year into the foreseeable future. Beth just had her 12th birthday. Beth plans to start college on her 18th birthday and finish in four years. Mary will make a deposit today and continue making deposits each year until Beth starts college. The account will earn 4% interest, compounded annually. How much must Mary’s deposits be each year in order to pay half of Beth’s tuition at the beginning of each school each year?

Expert Solutions

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E6-9  Income Statement Effects of Unrealized Profit The problem asks:

Holiday Bakery owns 60% of Farmco Products Company’s stock.
During 20×8, Farmco produced 100,000 bags of flour, which it sold to Holiday Bakery for $900,000.
On 12/31/x8, Holiday had 20,000 bags of flour purchased from Farmco Products on hand.
Farmco prices its sales at cost plus 50% of cost for profit.
Holiday, which purchased all its flour from Farmco in 20×8, had no inventory on 01/01/x8
Holiday Bakery reported income from its baking operations of $400,000
Farmco Products reported net income of $150,000 for 20×8

Question:
1) Compute the amount reported as cost of goods sold in 20×8 consolidated income statement – is it 720,000?
2) Give the workpaper eliminating entry or entries required to remove the effects of the intercompany sale in preparing consolidated statements at the end of 20×8
3) Compute the amount reported as consolidated net income for 20×8

E6-10  Prior-Period Unrealized Inventory Profit
Prior-period Unrealized Inventory Profit
Holiday Bakery owns 60  percent of Farmco Products Company’s stock. On January 1, 20X9, inventory reported by holiday include 20,000 bags of flour purchased from Farmco at $9 per bag. By December 31, 20X9, all the beginning inventory purchased from Farmco products had been baked into products and sold to customers by holiday. There were no transactions between Holiday and Farmco during 20X9.

Both Holiday Bakery and Farmco Products price their sales at cost plus 50 percent markup for profit. Holiday reported income from its baking operations of $300,000, and Farmco reported net income of $250,000 for 20X9.

Required:
a. Compute the amount reported as cost of goods sold in the 20X9 consolidated income statement for the flour purchased from Farmco in 20X8.
b. Give the eliminating entry or entries to remove the effect of the unrealized profit in beginning inventory in preparing the consolidation worksheet as of December 31, 20X9.
c. Compute the amounts reported as consolidated net income and income assigned to the controlling interest in the 20X9 consolidated income statement.

Nike Appendix

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Use the Nike 10-K report Appendix: Excerpts from Form 10-k of Nike to answer the following questions.

a. What is Nike principal business activity? What percentage of its sales are in the U.S?

b. How much did Nike’s net income increase (decrease) in fiscal 2008 compared with fiscal 2007?

c. Compare Nike’s growth in total assets to that of revenues and net income in fiscal 2008?

d. Nike had an increase in cash of $277.2 million in fiscal 2008. What three major components comprise this change in cash?

e. Did Nike board declare any cash dividends in fiscal 2008? If so, how much? On What financial statement did you find this?

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