Segment margin includes:
a. all costs traceable to the segment
b. the segment’s share of allocated corporate costs
c. the segment’s share of allocated unavoidable costs
d. all of the above are correct
The major criticism of using return on investment (ROI) for financial control is that it:
a. gives managers an incentive to reject projects with an ROI greater than
b. usually uses the blended rate of capital as the required rate of return
c. encourages competition among segment managers.
d. is a measure of overall performance.
Measures of employees’ skills and capabilities are included in the _ perspective of the Balanced scorecard
d. learning and growth perspective
Defect rates for products and yield percentages in manufacturing are measures of quality included in the _______ perspective of the Balanced Scorecard.
Although planners update or revise the budgets during the period, _ is typically performed once per year.
a. zero-based budgeting
b. periodic budgeting
c. incremental budgeting
d. continuous budgeting
In zero-based budgeting:
a. the prior year’s budgeted amounts or actual results are used to build the new operating budget
b. the budget is prepared by the top managers
c. mangers must justify each item within the operating budget as if it were a new budget item
d. the budget is updated every month
A fully-owned subsidiary of multinational firm reports return of investment four times a year. This is an example of:
a. a revenue center
b. a cost center
c. an investment center
d. a profit center
If a business offers both routine and specialized services, a single cost driver rate will overprice:
a. the routine service
b. the specialized service
c. both the routine and the specialized service
d. neither the routine nor the specialized service
______ include the cost of raw-materials inspections and assembly-line inspections.
a. prevention costs
b. appraisal costs
c. Internal failure costs
d. External failure costs
By some estimates, 80% to 85% of a product’s total life costs are committed by decisions made during the _ cycle.
a. research, development, and engineering
c. post-sale service and disposal
Target costing was pioneered:
a. in Detroit in the 1990s
b. in Japan in the 1960s
c. in Japan in the 1980s
d. in Silicon Valley in the 1980s
Target costing differs from traditional costing in all of the following ways EXCEPT:
a. target costing collects market research continually throughout the target costing process rather than as a single event
b. target costing uses total-life cycle concept to minimize ownership costs
c. traditional costing spends less time on product specification and design
d. traditional costing uses cross-functional teams to guide the process
In which order are the following developed?
A=production plan B=Materials purchasing plan C=Demand forecast D=Sales plan
a. first to last: A B C D
b. first to last: C D A B
c. first to last: D C B A
d. first to last: C A D B