Multiple Choice Answers

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1. Health promotion was recognized for its potential to help control injury and disease and to promote health during the:
First quarter of the 20th century
Last quarter of the 20th century
Early 1800s
Beginning of the 21st century

2. The publication considered to have been the document that gave great momentum to the health promotion and disease prevention movement in America was:
Healthy People 2000 Healthy People
2010 Healthy People:
The Surgeon General’s Report on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention (Healthy People, 1979)
Healthy Nation 1970

3. When a person is healthy, without signs and symptoms of disease, illness, or injury, the level of prevention most appropriate would be:
Primary prevention
Secondary prevention Tertiary prevention No prevention level is needed

4. Assumptions of Health Promotion include all of the following EXCEPT:
Appropriate prevention strategies can be developed to deal with the identified health problems.
Behavior can be changed, and those changes can influence health.
Initiating and maintaining a behavior change is difficult.
Individual responsibility can best be viewed through victim blaming.

5. One of the basic assumptions of health promotion is that health status can be changed.
True
False

6. The first evaluations were done in what field?
Education
Public health
Nursing
Psychology

7. Which of the following conditions is a valid reason to NOT evaluate a program?
There are few questions about the health program’s effectiveness.
The health program has no clear direction.
Program objectives are unclearly stated or not agreed upon by all stakeholders.
There is little or no money for the evaluation.
All of the above

8. For the following items, provide the number that is its correct definition.
1: Collects data to tailor the health program to the needs of a specific group
2: Combines the findings from the previous evaluations of various programs for the health problem
3: Analyzes data from needs assessment, process evaluation, effect evaluation, and cost evaluation as a set of data
4: Generally used during the planning stages to gather information for prioritizing program options
5: Determines the degree and quality of program implementation
6: Determines whether and to what extent the program made a difference

9. Program planning and evaluation is considered a cyclical or iterative process.
True False

10. Impact and outcome evaluation are similar and measure outcomes at the same point in time.
True
False

11. The Education and Ecological Assessment Phase of PRECEDE-PROCEED includes determining:
Predisposing, reinforcing, and enabling factors
Educational strategies
Genetic and environmental factors
Health and policy strategies

12. In the PRECEDE-PROCEED model, Phase _________ , which seeks to subjectively define the quality of life of those in the priority population is called ____________.
I – Social Assessment
II—Epidemiological Assessment
III—Behavioral and Environmental Assessment
IV—Administrative and Policy Assessment I—Social Assessment

13. The MATCH framework is recognized for emphasizing program:
Implementation
Evaluation
Planning
Assessment

14. Because they focus on priority audiences, rely heavily on consumer data for decision making, and attempt to continually return to the consumer for feedback and program improvement, the two models that capture the critical characteristics of health communication and social marketing are:
CDCynergy and SMART
SMART and MATCH
CDCynergy and MATCH
SMART and SWOT

15. In order for resources and support to flow into health promotion programming:
Decision makers need to see values from the program
Taxes must be raised to offset costs
Planners must commit to fund raising efforts
Materials must be available from previous, similar programming

16. Influencers are always much more important that doers in the planning process.
True
False

17. Institutionalization refers to a program becoming imbedded within an organization.
True
False

18. In the program planning process, the group who will be served is referred to as the:
Key informants
Pilot population
Priority population
General population

19. What type of data collection is most likely to be timely and expensive? (Points: 1)
Primary
Secondary
Tertiary
Statistical

20. Which of the following is NOT an important question for a needs assessment?
What is the cost of the needs?
Who is the priority population?
Where are any subgroups located geographically?
What is currently being done to resolve identified needs?

21. The set of activities in which key individuals define a set of desired improvements, develop a strategy to achieve those desired improvements, and establish a means to measure the attainment of those desired improvements is which of the following?
Community needs assessment
Process evaluation
Impact evaluation
Program planning

22. Which of the following is NOT an assumption of planning?
A solution, remedy, or appropriate intervention can be identified or developed and provided.
Cultural sensitivity occurs naturally at each planning stage.
Those involved in the planning process share an interest in addressing the health problems.
The planning process occurs in an orderly fashion, and a rational approach is best.

23. Using mortality rates as a sole criterion is the best known method to determine the size of a health problem.
True
False

24. Which of the following is NOT a step to increase the accuracy of self-reported data? (Points:
1)
Conduct a pilot study
Employ multiple methods
Use experimental groups only
Use multiple measures

25. Data already collected by someone else are considered secondary data.
True
False

26. Key informants are strategically placed individuals who have knowledge and ability to report on the needs of those in the priority population.
True
False

27. A good needs assessment considers both the needs identified by the planners and the concerns of the target population.
True
False

28. A mission statement can be described as a program:
Goal
Objective
Overview
Assessment

29. A goal is an expectation that:
Is written to include all aspects or components of a program
Provides specific direction for a component of a program
Generally has a specific time line
Is easily observed by programs and implementers

30. Objectives specify intermediate accomplishments or benchmarks that represent progress toward the goal.
True
False

31. A program planner or evaluator must be concerned about bias in the community health assessment.
True
False

32. In some cases, it is not feasible to collect primary data for a community health assessment because of limited resources. In that case, no assessment is done.
True
False

33. Which type of assessment aims to answer the questions of: what are the population health problems, and what resources are locally available to address those health problems?
Organizational assessment
Marketing assessment
Community health assessment
Patient needs assessment

34. The bottom-up, grassroots mobilization of citizens for the purpose of undertaking activities to improve the condition of something in the community is best described as:
Citizen participation
Community capacity
Community development
Community participation

35. An empowered community is one in which individuals and organizations apply their skills and resources in collective efforts to meet their respective needs.
True
False

36. PATCH uses an individual approach to problem solving within communities.
True
False

37. Program planning models help explain how behavior change takes place.
True
False

38. According to the Theory of Reasoned Action:
Attitude is the person’s history with the behavior
Intention is an indication of a person’s readiness to perform a behavior
Subjective norm is the belief that the person can accomplish the change
Belief is knowing that the Health Educator will be able to make the change for the client

39. By May 2006, all new moms at the County hostpital from January 2006 on will have attended a 1-hour car seat safety class. This is an example of a/an:
Goal
Process objective
Impact objective
Outcome objective
None of the above

40. By December 2006, 75% of the new moms, from January 2006 on, who attended the car seat safety class will have used car seats for their babies for every car trip. This is an example of a/an:
Goal Process objective
Impact objective
Outcome objective
None of the above

41. By May 2007, the car accident fatality rate of babies born at the County hospital beginning in January 2006 will be lower than the national rate. This is an example of a/an:
Goal Process objective
Impact objective
Outcome objective
None of the above

42. Overinclusion is easier to detect in a full coverage program than in a partial coverage program.
True
False

43. In what stage of the Transtheoretical Model does a person actively plan change?
Precontemplation
Contemplation
Preparation
Action

44. Constructs from health behavior theories can provide guidance on designing program activities.
True
False

45. When a person exercises to achieve weight loss, prevent heart disease, and lower blood pressure, he or she is acting according to which component of the Health Belief Model?
Perceived Barriers
Perceived Susceptibility
Perceived Threats
Perceived Benefits

46. _______ refers to the breadth and depth of material covered.
Sequence
Curriculum item
Scope
Lesson plan

47. For the general public, writing at which grade reading level is usually best?
6th
8th
10th
12th

48. Support groups are an example of the interpersonal channel of communication.
True
False

49. When producing health education materials, it is important to use the same type of language for all populations.
True
False

50. Which intervention strategy generally has the highest penetration rate?
Health policy
Health communication
Health engineering
Health education