1. Health promotion was recognized for its potential to help control injury and disease and to promote health during the:
First quarter of the 20th century
Last quarter of the 20th century
Beginning of the 21st century
2. The publication considered to have been the document that gave great momentum to the health promotion and disease prevention movement in America was:
Healthy People 2000 Healthy People
2010 Healthy People:
The Surgeon General’s Report on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention (Healthy People, 1979)
Healthy Nation 1970
3. When a person is healthy, without signs and symptoms of disease, illness, or injury, the level of prevention most appropriate would be:
Secondary prevention Tertiary prevention No prevention level is needed
4. Assumptions of Health Promotion include all of the following EXCEPT:
Appropriate prevention strategies can be developed to deal with the identified health problems.
Behavior can be changed, and those changes can influence health.
Initiating and maintaining a behavior change is difficult.
Individual responsibility can best be viewed through victim blaming.
5. One of the basic assumptions of health promotion is that health status can be changed.
6. The first evaluations were done in what field?
7. Which of the following conditions is a valid reason to NOT evaluate a program?
There are few questions about the health program’s effectiveness.
The health program has no clear direction.
Program objectives are unclearly stated or not agreed upon by all stakeholders.
There is little or no money for the evaluation.
All of the above
8. For the following items, provide the number that is its correct definition.
1: Collects data to tailor the health program to the needs of a specific group
2: Combines the findings from the previous evaluations of various programs for the health problem
3: Analyzes data from needs assessment, process evaluation, effect evaluation, and cost evaluation as a set of data
4: Generally used during the planning stages to gather information for prioritizing program options
5: Determines the degree and quality of program implementation
6: Determines whether and to what extent the program made a difference
9. Program planning and evaluation is considered a cyclical or iterative process.
10. Impact and outcome evaluation are similar and measure outcomes at the same point in time.
11. The Education and Ecological Assessment Phase of PRECEDE-PROCEED includes determining:
Predisposing, reinforcing, and enabling factors
Genetic and environmental factors
Health and policy strategies
12. In the PRECEDE-PROCEED model, Phase _________ , which seeks to subjectively define the quality of life of those in the priority population is called ____________.
I – Social Assessment
III—Behavioral and Environmental Assessment
IV—Administrative and Policy Assessment I—Social Assessment
13. The MATCH framework is recognized for emphasizing program:
14. Because they focus on priority audiences, rely heavily on consumer data for decision making, and attempt to continually return to the consumer for feedback and program improvement, the two models that capture the critical characteristics of health communication and social marketing are:
CDCynergy and SMART
SMART and MATCH
CDCynergy and MATCH
SMART and SWOT
15. In order for resources and support to flow into health promotion programming:
Decision makers need to see values from the program
Taxes must be raised to offset costs
Planners must commit to fund raising efforts
Materials must be available from previous, similar programming
16. Influencers are always much more important that doers in the planning process.
17. Institutionalization refers to a program becoming imbedded within an organization.
18. In the program planning process, the group who will be served is referred to as the:
19. What type of data collection is most likely to be timely and expensive? (Points: 1)
20. Which of the following is NOT an important question for a needs assessment?
What is the cost of the needs?
Who is the priority population?
Where are any subgroups located geographically?
What is currently being done to resolve identified needs?
21. The set of activities in which key individuals define a set of desired improvements, develop a strategy to achieve those desired improvements, and establish a means to measure the attainment of those desired improvements is which of the following?
Community needs assessment
22. Which of the following is NOT an assumption of planning?
A solution, remedy, or appropriate intervention can be identified or developed and provided.
Cultural sensitivity occurs naturally at each planning stage.
Those involved in the planning process share an interest in addressing the health problems.
The planning process occurs in an orderly fashion, and a rational approach is best.
23. Using mortality rates as a sole criterion is the best known method to determine the size of a health problem.
24. Which of the following is NOT a step to increase the accuracy of self-reported data? (Points:
Conduct a pilot study
Employ multiple methods
Use experimental groups only
Use multiple measures
25. Data already collected by someone else are considered secondary data.
26. Key informants are strategically placed individuals who have knowledge and ability to report on the needs of those in the priority population.
27. A good needs assessment considers both the needs identified by the planners and the concerns of the target population.
28. A mission statement can be described as a program:
29. A goal is an expectation that:
Is written to include all aspects or components of a program
Provides specific direction for a component of a program
Generally has a specific time line
Is easily observed by programs and implementers
30. Objectives specify intermediate accomplishments or benchmarks that represent progress toward the goal.
31. A program planner or evaluator must be concerned about bias in the community health assessment.
32. In some cases, it is not feasible to collect primary data for a community health assessment because of limited resources. In that case, no assessment is done.
33. Which type of assessment aims to answer the questions of: what are the population health problems, and what resources are locally available to address those health problems?
Community health assessment
Patient needs assessment
34. The bottom-up, grassroots mobilization of citizens for the purpose of undertaking activities to improve the condition of something in the community is best described as:
35. An empowered community is one in which individuals and organizations apply their skills and resources in collective efforts to meet their respective needs.
36. PATCH uses an individual approach to problem solving within communities.
37. Program planning models help explain how behavior change takes place.
38. According to the Theory of Reasoned Action:
Attitude is the person’s history with the behavior
Intention is an indication of a person’s readiness to perform a behavior
Subjective norm is the belief that the person can accomplish the change
Belief is knowing that the Health Educator will be able to make the change for the client
39. By May 2006, all new moms at the County hostpital from January 2006 on will have attended a 1-hour car seat safety class. This is an example of a/an:
None of the above
40. By December 2006, 75% of the new moms, from January 2006 on, who attended the car seat safety class will have used car seats for their babies for every car trip. This is an example of a/an:
Goal Process objective
None of the above
41. By May 2007, the car accident fatality rate of babies born at the County hospital beginning in January 2006 will be lower than the national rate. This is an example of a/an:
Goal Process objective
None of the above
42. Overinclusion is easier to detect in a full coverage program than in a partial coverage program.
43. In what stage of the Transtheoretical Model does a person actively plan change?
44. Constructs from health behavior theories can provide guidance on designing program activities.
45. When a person exercises to achieve weight loss, prevent heart disease, and lower blood pressure, he or she is acting according to which component of the Health Belief Model?
46. _______ refers to the breadth and depth of material covered.
47. For the general public, writing at which grade reading level is usually best?
48. Support groups are an example of the interpersonal channel of communication.
49. When producing health education materials, it is important to use the same type of language for all populations.
50. Which intervention strategy generally has the highest penetration rate?