Multiple Choice Answers

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1. Authorities will sometimes find children near death due to the fact that their parents have not fed them or protected them from environmental conditions such as the weather. These children are most accurately labeled as victims of _____.
physical abuse
neglect
psychological abuse
an indulgent-permissive style

2. Parents who physically abuse their children tend to have set _____ expectations concerning their children.
high
medium
low
no

3. Estrogen is directly released by the _____.
pituitary gland
ovaries
adrenal gland
testes

4. Which teenager is at the greatest risk for developing anorexia or bulimia?
Ivy, who has pica
Rose, who is intellectually-gifted
Daisy, who has never worried about dieting when she was young
Petunia, who has a bipolar grandmother

5. About one in _____ individuals diagnosed with an eating disorder is male.
three
five
ten
twenty

6. When considering the issue of euthanasia, Wendell says, “I know that killing is wrong, but I believe that compassion is sometimes more important than the law.” This statement suggests that Wendell is thinking at Kohlberg’s ____ level.
preconventional
conventional
postconventional
unconventional

7. Kohlberg proposed that stages of moral reasoning ____________________.
do not predict moral behavior
form an invariant sequence
predict one’s general level of intelligence
vary greatly from culture to culture

8. Jerry is upset because his comedy partner, Dean, just broke up with him. When his parents attempt to console Jerry, he tells them, “It’s no use. You couldn’t possibly know how I feel. No one knows how I feel!” Jerry’s statement is an example of _________________.
an imaginary audience
a personal fable
moratorium
learned helplessness

9. Hantaywee is Native American and has absolutely no interest in learning anything about her family’s Navajo culture. Which is most likely to be true concerning Hantaywee?
She has authoritative parents.
She has higher self-esteem than most of her peers.
She is a young adolescent.
She has a well-developed ethnic identity.

10. Webster loves playing any game in which he can show off the large vocabulary that he has acquired. A competent psychologist would suggest that this skill provides the best example of ________________________.
crystallized intelligence
postconventional thought
fluid intelligence
preconventional thought

11. According to Erikson, if Shelly was attempting to establish an intimate relationship with her boyfriend, she must first _________________.
create a shared identity
generate a feeling of wisdom
live with him for a period of time
develop an effective set of defense mechanisms

12. According to the text, which of the following statements about conflict in a marriage is true?
Men and women both recognize and admit when problems occur in their marriage.
Men and women both recognize problems in their marriage, but only women admit to it.
Men and women both recognize problems in their marriage, but only men admit to it.
Only women both recognize and admit to problems in their marriage.

13. Research on the biology of physical attraction suggests that neurochemicals related to ____ underlie the feeling of exhilaration that often is experienced when you fall in love.
barbiturates
hallucinogens
amphetamines
narcotics

14. When deciding on a potential mate, Fletcher says, “I just need to find someone a lot like me.” This statement fits very well with ____ theory.
sociocultural
assortive mating
crystallization
blended family

15. The text authors suggest that the strong intimate sharing component, which characterizes female friendships but not male friendships, is due to females having more comfort with their:
sexuality.
language skills.
intellect.
vulnerability.

16. About ____ of parents report being very sad and unhappy when the last child leaves home.
25%
50%
75%
95%

17.  You are a frail, elderly individual who needs care. If you are like most people in your situation, it is most likely that you are being cared for by ______________________.
a nursing home facility
a hospital
your siblings
your children

18. Research has indicated that a woman’s employment status has ____ impact on her decision to become a caregiver for a parent.
no
some
a moderate
a significant

19. Prior to entering a restaurant, Amy starts to shake, hyperventilate, and feel light-headed. She is too terrified to enter the restaurant. She turns around immediately and catches the first taxi back home. This behavior is most consistent with __________________.
depression
Parkinson’s disease
anxiety disorders
Huntington’s disease

20. Which term best describes the retirement pattern of most men?
Integrity
Blurred
Crisp
Socioemotional security

21. Which older adult is more likely to be involved with friends?
Bob, who is a married male
Betty, who is a widow
Barbara, who is a married female
Beth, who is a female who never married

22. Stacey has been diagnosed with a terminal illness. She is currently going to different doctors to determine whether her diagnosis is correct. Stacey is probably in the ____ stage of dying.
depression
anger
denial
bargaining

23. One advantage of using ____ to treat depression is that they tend to have the lowest incidences of side effects.
L-dopa
SSRIs
MAOIs
HCAs

24. Now that his wife has died, it is no longer practical for Marco to live in the house that he shared with her for many years. Therefore, he is currently trying to find a new place to live and packing his belongings. These sorts of concerns would be best described as ______________.
loss-oriented stressors
traumatic grief
restoration-oriented stressors
anticipatory grief

25. Charles has changed a great deal. He has a difficult time remembering things, even simple things like where he is or what year it is. He is having increasing difficulty understanding people or saying things that make sense to others. In addition, he rarely cleans himself anymore and acts in very inappropriate ways around others. Charles is exhibiting many signs of _____________________.
depression
anxiety disorder
Parkinson’s disease
Alzheimer’s disease