Critical listening is important because not all speakers are honest and ethical.
Which element of the introduction can be omitted in a one-point speech?
the thesis statement
the attention getter
all of these
none of these
During her speech about alcohol use on campus, Leila formally defined every term for her audience, including “chug ,” “kegger,” and “chaser.” Her audience was turned off by the belief that she was talking down to them and failing to acknowledge their prior knowledge. Leila’s mistake was in showing ________ to her listeners.
A clear message should have a purpose and a thesis that are apparent to the listeners.
Two important goals for any speech are to create a clear purpose and establish positive pathos.
A speaker can combat the problem of the audience’s limited attention span by:
using lots of sound bites.
employing a minimum of supporting material.
dividing the speech into small segments.
oversimplifying the message.
ending the speech at the first sign of boredom.
Thorough audience analysis addresses two types of audience culture.
What are the three parts of every speech?
ethos, pathos, and logos
the introduction, the body, and the conclusion
the speaker, the speech, and the audience
The purpose, the thesis, and the supporting material
preparation, presentation, and feedback
When listeners assume that because two messages are similar, they must be identical, they are practicing a type of “jumping to conclusions” called:
To combat limited attention span, speakers should make their speeches as short as possible.
Public speaking occurs in response to:
a specific situation.
a speaker’s urge to speak.
the audience’s need to know something.
the inherent importance of an issue.
The development of the thesis is accomplished in the introduction of the speech.
Listeners naturally appreciate and support speakers who address their interests and beliefs.
While Bobby was listening to a speech about energy conservation, he hears the speaker discuss oil as a nonrenewable resource. This prompts him to think that it is time to change the oil in his car, and he begins to plan a trip to the Jiffy Lube. Which listening problem has Bobby fallen prey to?
limited attention span
jumping to conclusions
Which of the following is NOT an element of the rhetorical situation?
The following statements make up an outline for a typical one-point speech. Which statement belongs in the body of the speech?
This concerns you
Most speakers, after evaluating their audience, try to present their ideas in a way that achieves common ground with the audience. This common ground is called:
Statements of opinion:
are salient to the audience.
reflect subjective judgments based on experience.
refer to observable phenomena.
are only salient when verified.
Audience demographics refers to the listeners’ political affiliations.
Outside of the classroom most speakers conduct audience analysis using:
Evaluation standards for assessing the quality of a speech should be based on an understanding of:
the rhetorical situation.
the speaker’s purpose.
the rhetorical situation and the speaker’s purpose
the rhetorical situation and audience feedback
When you tailor your speech to the educational level of your classmates in a public speaking course, you are focusing your audience analysis on:
Because listeners have a tendency toward selective attention, speakers must be sure to:
provide clear supporting material for listeners.
use several visual aids.
use animated gestures and facial expressions to entertain them.
tell the audience what they want to hear.
motivate listeners to pay attention.
Miles’ speech is organized around the following thesis: “We should take steps to prevent illegal recruiting of college athletes.” As you listen, you map out the following main points. Which of these main points does NOT truly support the thesis?
Coaches are offering payments as inducements to high school athletes.
More restrictions should be placed on contacts with recruits.
The NCAA needs to investigate athletes’ finances more carefully.
Some college athletes have classwork done for them by their tutors.
Recruiters regularly find ways to get around limits on contacting high school athletes.
The thesis of the speech focuses on the response that the speaker wants from his or her audience.
As the chair of the United Way campaign, Maggie wanted to convince all her coworkers to sign a pledge card donating money to the United Way. Her purpose was:
weakening a feeling.
inducing a specific action.
creating a new perspective.
The two basic components of organization are:
organizing and outlining.
main points and subpoints.
ideas and evidence.
selection and arrangement.
ethos and clarity.
Your research notes should include full bibliographic citations for all sources, print and electronic.
Supporting material which relies on the judgments of someone, other than the speaker, who has relevant experience and expertise is called:
Common knowledge is useful as supporting material not because it is true, but because most people presume that it is true.
Style is achieved primarily through language.
In a rhetorical proof, reasoning links the supporting material to the claim.
The Internet includes information that is biased, out of date, and inaccurate.
Using similar phrasing and grammar for main points is a way to create parallel structure among your main ideas.
Lay testimony is:
factual testimony that can be verified by ordinary people.
another name for opinion testimony.
expert testimony that has been paraphrased.
testimony from someone who is not an expert.
testimony that has been proven to be a lie.
Literal analogies are comparisons that are quoted word-for-word from the source material.
Charlton argued that if we outlaw guns, only outlaws will have guns. What kind of reasoning is this?
Which of the following is a characteristic of mathematical or scientific proof?
the support involves values and judgments
it cannot be proven, it can only be supported
the claims can often be proved with certainty
it can only be used by scientific experts
the strength of the support is determined by the speaker and the audience together
The term “fugitive materials” refers to:
books and articles that have not been returned to the library.
unpublished papers and archives that are hard to find on the Web.
sources that can only be found in the historical archives of the library.
information on personal websites, like blogs.
notes you have taken, but you cannot remember where you left them.
The claim in a rhetorical proof can be a thesis statement, a main idea, or a subpoint.
The two basic components of organization are selection and arrangement.
A chronologically organized speech can be arranged from past to present or from present to past.
Which of the following qualities is essential when reasoning by narrative?
all of these
resonance and coherence only
Limited attention span creates a constraint based upon:
the speaker’s ethos.
the nature of the topic.
the rhetorical situation.
audiences in general.
all of these
You must be sure that the sources of opinion testimony are trusted by your listeners because opinion testimony cannot be verified, it must simply be accepted.
Which of the following is a “finding aid”?
Reasoning by sign proceeds by:
using specific instances to infer a general conclusion.
showing that when one thing stands for another, we can infer the existence of what it stands for.
inferring that facts or opinions from a reliable source are accurate and trustworthy.
using a powerful story to lead the audience to the conclusion one wants to support.
arguing that two things that are basically alike in most respects will also be alike with respect to the issue at hand.
Which of the following sources of information is more up-to-date than books?
all of these
A good topic is interesting to the audience, but when an audience has a high level of interest in a topic, their bias may prevent them from listening carefully.
Conducting a personal inventory is a good method for selecting a topic. It involves looking through all your old notes to determine which topics you have the most information about.